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Windows Server Hosting - ASPHostPortal.com :: How to Back Up a Windows Server 2016 Domain Controller

clock February 27, 2017 06:49 by author Armend

The domain controller role is central to an Active Directory-based network. Learn how to protect your Windows Server 2016 domain controllers by using first-party backup tools.
In the Microsoft technology stack, the domain controller provides core identity services to your business network. As such, the loss of a domain controller can create a denial of service (DoS) and bring your network services to a grinding halt.
I've identified three ways you can back up the System State of a Windows Server 2016 domain controller. The good news here is that the process hasn't changed from Windows Server 2012 R2

What is the System State?

Windows Server computers (physical or virtual) have a data collection called the System State that can be backed up specifically by the systems administrator. Depending on the server's infrastructure role, different data may comprise that machine's System State. The System State consists of the following files:

  •     Active Directory database (domain controllers)
  •     Sysvol shared folder (domain controllers)
  •     Certificate Services database (certification authorities)
  •     Cluster database (failover cluster nodes)
  •     Boot files, system files, and files covered by Windows File Protection
  •     Windows Registry
  •     Performance Monitor counter configuration data
  •     Component Services class registration database

Note: the following methods are presented no particular order.

Method #1: Windows PowerShell

Open up an elevated Windows PowerShell prompt on your server and run the following command to install the Windows Backup cmdlets:

  • Install-WindowsFeature -Name Windows-Server-Backup -IncludeAllSubfeature -IncludeManagementTools

This process won't require a restart. You can enumerate all the backup commands like so:

  • Get-Command -Module WindowsServerBackup

The following script will create a System State backup of the local server and save the backup to my F: data volume. You'll notice that I've commented on every line so you can easily see what's going on.

NOTE: Here I focus only on backing up the System State. You can perform other file system (or even system image) backups on your servers. And, you can make use of such tools as Task Scheduler or AT.EXE to schedule your backups.

  • #create the backup policy
    $policy = New-WBPolicy
  • #back up the System State
    Add-WBSystemState -Policy $policy
  • #declare the backup location as my F: volume
    $target = New-WBBackupTarget -VolumePath "F:"
  • #add the backup location to the policy
    Add-WBBackupTarget -Policy $policy -Target $target
  • #start the backup
    Start-WBBackup -Policy $policy

Method #2: Windows Backup

If you're not a PowerShell fan, then you may want to use the graphical backup utility that has shipped with Windows Server since the very beginning. Follow the procedure in the previous section (no escaping PowerShell completely, I'm afraid) to install the Windows Backup feature.
You can then start the Windows Server Backup Microsoft Management Console, as shown in Figure 1

Select Local Backup from the Console pane, and then in the Actions pane, click Backup Once to start the Backup Once Wizard. You'll complete the following steps:

  • Choose the Custom backup option
  • Select the System State to back up (shown in Figure 2)
  • Decide whether you're backing up to a local or remote volume

Method #3: Microsoft Azure

This procedure will work only if you have an Azure subscription. Then, the first thing you need to do is to log into the Azure Portal (portal.azure.com) and create a Recovery Services vault.

Second, you create a Backup object inside your vault, as shown in Figure 3.

 

After specifying to Azure that you want to back up the System State of an on-premises virtual machine, you'll be prompted to download and install the Microsoft Azure Backup agent.

The bad news is that this "agent" is actually a full-fledged server, based on Microsoft Data Protection Manager (DPM), whose download comprises 3.2 gigabytes and that requires a SQL Server instance for installation.
After you get the Azure Backup Server installed, you'll need to register your Windows Server 2016 domain controller with your Azure vault. Finally, you'll use the Azure Backup Server user interface to send your System State backups to the Azure cloud.

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Windows Server Hosting - ASPHostPortal.com :: Tricks To Make You A Great Admin in windows server 2012

clock February 20, 2017 05:09 by author Armend

Tricks To Make You A Great Admin in windows server 2012

Windows Server 2012 is much advanced than its predecessors. Understanding its capabilities can make every admin’s job a lot easier and make them look like a true wizard. Here are some tricks to help you learn more about Windows Server 2012.

Take advantage of new & improved server management system

One of the easily noticeable things about the 2012 edition is the Server Manager. Microsoft combined the server roles installer and the features installer to save users the hassles of having to install them twice. New server roles can be assigned simply by clicking on Manage and then Add server. The new server manager is intelligent enough to group the server roles based to the appropriate server and displays the management tools for the server and the tools for editing them, all in the same window.

Team up the network adapters

Teaming network adapters together is an effective way to either increase the availability of server or to increase the speed and performance, and this functionality has been incorporated into the 2012 server core. It allows combining Ethernet connections via compatible network cards together without the hassles of adding any specific tools. To team network adapters together, simply enter the server manager, find the Local server menu, and find the compatible adapters you can team together and link them by right clicking and entering the features menu.

Do a lot more with your iSCSI protocol

The new Windows server 2012 allows users to assign roles to virtual hard drives and set them up as internet small computer system interface (iSCSI) targets over the network. To enable the feature, assign the roles in the server manager under the Files and iSCSI tab and set up the size and configuration of the virtual hard disk and its access properties.

Enable Remote Server Administration

In addition to the all-powerful server manager, Windows Server 2012 also offers remote server administration tools or RSAT that can be used to control the connected servers from a Windows 8 operating system. The function can be activated by downloading the .msu tool files from support and adding the local server through your server manager control menu.

Pick right interface environment

The new graphical interface of the Windows Server 2012 lacks many of the features available with previous editions. Even applications such as IE are missing from it. But the server core retains all the command-line management tools ensuring complete functionality. But you can optimize the graphical interface from the server manager and also choose which functionalities to retain and which ones to remove. Essentially you have three options, they are the desktop experience feature, the graphic tools and infrastructure, and the graphic shell feature. You can choose to either keep all of them or a selected few.

Set up the basic configurations

Many of the basic configurations which needed to be settled during installation can now be handled easily, thanks to the server manager. You can change most of the configuration by simply navigating to the Local server link in the server manager menu. Also you can change the security options of Internet explorer for hassle free downloads right from the server manager as well.

Get complete control using virtual domain controller

Need for having a physical domain controller to enable the Hyper-V cluster just to host the connection and USN rollback due cloning of domain controller’s VM used to be a huge headache, but in the 2012 server edition all these little problems have been effectively eliminated and pose no threats to the active directory. However, still there are few restrictions on cloning the DC, such as the requirement for presence of two DCs, with one containing the PDC emulator and so on. Simply add the DCcloneconfig.xml file to the source active directory and make sure the appropriate DC is switched off. Then create the virtual machine import the server using PowerShell to initiate the cloning process.

Activate Replication of Hyper V

Windows server 2012 allows users to replicate virtual hard disks and domain controllers without the requirement of clusters. To configure the replication, ensure the option is enabled in the Hyper V settings panel, and define server from which the replicas need to be attended. Then simply activate the replication method for the virtual server by right clicking and selecting the enable option. You can also choose to schedule the replication for a later time.

Start from Hyper V failover

Though not frequent, failovers can occur when operating with Hyper V replicates. So it’s better to create a scheduled failover and restore point such that the manager starts replication from a known target source VM. To schedule a failover for a replication, navigate to the appropriate replicate in the Hyper V manager and click on failover in the pop-up menu and enable the action by choosing a restore point.

Configure virtual server backup

Backing up is always a good idea, and the Windows Server 2012 edition with Veeam offers the easiest way to do it. Admins can back up both virtual and normal servers, integrate the Hyper-V clusters, and even backup individual items instantly with no downtime using the Veeam backup too.

Familiarize PowerShell to control servers

The PowerShell application gains an all new functionality upgrade allowing admins to list, control, manipulate and prevent replication of servers. Discover all the active servers with the commandlet Get-ADReplicationUpToDatenessVectorTable* | sort Partner,Server | ft Partner,Server,UsnFilter. Check the status of active director replication, view individual sites and domain controllers and lot more using the PowerShell commandlets.

Configure the DHCP failover

Similar to the Hyper V failover setup, the DHCP can also be configured to start off from fail safe and allows connection of two IpV4 servers. To enable the failover, navigate to the DHCP server console, locate the DHCP server you want to configure and enable the failover properties. Enter the details of the available fail-safe server and create the link between the two. Once configured the properties will be displayed on the failover properties tab.

Best Windows Server 2012 Hosting Recommendation

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Windows Hosting - ASPHostPortal.com :: How to Disabling Secure Boot in windows Server r2

clock February 13, 2017 05:17 by author Armend

How to Disabling Secure Boot in windows Server r2

You may need to disable Secure Boot to run some PC graphics cards, hardware, or operating systems such as Linux or previous version of Windows.
Secure Boot helps to make sure that your PC boots using only firmware that is trusted by the manufacturer.
For most PCs, you can disable Secure Boot through the PC’s firmware (BIOS) menus. For logo-certified Windows RT 8.1 and Windows RT PCs, Secure Boot is required to be configured so that it cannot be disabled.

Warning

After disabling Secure Boot and installing other software and hardware, it may be difficult to re-activate Secure Boot without restoring your PC to the factory state.
Be careful when changing BIOS settings. The BIOS menu is designed for advanced users, and it's possible to change a setting that could prevent your PC from starting correctly. Be sure to follow the manufacturer's instructions exactly.

To disable Secure Boot:

  • Before disabling Secure Boot, consider whether it is necessary. From time to time, your manufacturer may update the list of trusted hardware, drivers, and operating systems for your PC. To check for updates, go to Windows Update, or check your manufacturer's website.
  • Open the PC BIOS menu. You can often access this menu by pressing a key during the bootup sequence, such as F1, F2, F12, or Esc.
  • Or, from Windows, hold the Shift key while selecting Restart. Go to Troubleshoot > Advanced Options: UEFI Firmware Settings.
  • Find the Secure Boot setting, and if possible, set it to Disabled. This option is usually in either the Security tab, the Boot tab, or the Authentication tab.
  • Save changes and exit. The PC reboots.
  • Install the graphics card, hardware, or operating system that’s not compatible with Secure Boot.
    In some cases, you may need to change other settings in the firmware, such as enabling a Compatibility Support Module (CSM) to support legacy BIOS operating systems.
  • To use a CSM, you may also need to reformat the hard drive using the Master Boot Record (MBR) format, and then reinstall Windows.
  • If you’re using Windows 8.1, you may see a watermark on the desktop alerting you that Secure Boot is not configured correctly.

To re-enable Secure Boot:

  • Uninstall any graphics cards, hardware, or operating systems that aren’t compatible with Secure Boot.
  • Open the PC BIOS menu. You can often access this menu by pressing a key during the bootup sequence, such as F1, F2, F12, or Esc.
  • Or, from Windows: go to Settings charm > Change PC settings > Update and Recovery > Recovery > Advanced Startup: Restart now. When the PC reboots, go to Troubleshoot > Advanced Options: UEFI Firmware Settings.
  • Find the Secure Boot setting, and if possible, set it to Enabled. This option is usually in either the Security tab, the Boot tab, or the Authentication tab.
  • On some PCs, select Custom, and then load the Secure Boot keys that are built into the PC.
  • If the PC does not allow you to enable Secure Boot, try resetting the BIOS back to the factory settings.
  • Save changes and exit. The PC reboots.
  • If the PC is not able to boot after enabling Secure Boot, go back into the BIOS menus, disable Secure Boot, and try to boot the PC again.
  • In some cases, you may need to refresh or reset your PC to its original state before you can turn on Secure Boot. For more info, see How to restore, refresh, or reset your PC.
  • If the above steps don’t work, and you still want to use the Secure Boot feature, contact your manufacturer for help.

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Windows 2008Hosting - ASPHostPortal.com :: Simple Steps To Gets Microsoft Certified

clock February 6, 2017 19:05 by author Dan

According to windowsnetworking website. Learn the certification options and the best certification resources to get certified on Microsoft's flagship enterprise management product line - MCTS certification options.
Introduction

In a recent article, Overview of Microsoft System Center product line and how it can help you, I covered the critical facts of System Center. As a follow up to that article, let's talk about certification! Microsoft System Center is Microsoft's flagship enterprise management product line, made up of 6+ major products. As this is both a critical product for Microsoft and a critical product for enterprises that adopt pieces of the System Center suite, Microsoft offers MCTS (Microsoft Certified Technical Specialist) certification options for System Center. While I don't see a way to use these exams toward a MCITP, you will still have a MCTS in a System Center specialty. Specifically, there are 3 different certification tracks available for System Center which covers just 3 of the 6+ System Center products (but 3 of the major SC products).
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MCTS: Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager 2007, Configuration

Formerly known as SMS (Systems Management Server) in previous versions, SCCM is used to manage the PC, laptop, and server hardware and software (including applications and operating systems) of a mid to large size enterprise. Microsoft Exam 70-401 covers a number of important SCCM 2007 skills. Specifically, the exam covers things like:

  •     Deploying SCCM
  •     Configuring SCCM Infrastructure
  •     Managing Resources
  •     Distributing Applications
  •     Deploying Operating Systems
  •     Securing a Network Infrastructure
  •     Managing and Maintaining SCCM Infrastructure

As for training material, here are some recommendations:

  1.     Video Training: Train Signal System Center Configuration Manager
  2.     Classroom Training: 6451B and 6451A- Planning, Deploying, and Managing Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager 2007
  3.     Book: Microsoft System Center Configuration Manager 2007 Administrator's Companion

MCTS: Microsoft System Center Operations Manager 2007, Configuration

Formerly known as "MOM" (Microsoft Operations Manager) in previous versions, SCOM is used to monitor performance capacity resources (and alert) across all devices in the enterprise. Microsoft Exam 70-400 covers skills like:

    Configuring SCOM
    Deploying and Configuring Management Packs
    Building and Deploying Custom Management Packs
    Maintaining SCOM
    Configuring Client Monitoring

(For the full list of SCOM Exam 70-400 test topics, click here)

Some of the best resources available to prepare for your SCOM certification test are:

    Train Signal System Center Operations Manager video training
    Microsoft classroom  training: 50028D- Installing and Configuring System Center Operations Manager 2007 R2
    Microsoft E-Learning: 3386AE Implementing Microsoft System Center Operations Manager 2007

MCTS: Microsoft System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2008, Configuration

The last of the three MCTS certifications covering System Center products is the MCTS covering Virtual Machine Manager. SCVMM or VMM is a centralized management product for the Microsoft Hyper-V virtualization platform (it can also manage VMware ESX Server). With VMM, the ability to perform many new advanced features of Hyper-V is possible.

To prepare for Microsoft Exam 70-403, I recommend the following resources:

    Installing SCVMM - server components, administrative console, self-service portal, pro tips
    Administering SCVMM - configuring user roles, setup self-service, maintain VMM library, configure hosts, monitor jobs
    Maintaining and Monitoring hosts - configure VM hardware, manage virtual instance checkpoints and patches, monitoring and reporting on VMs
    Deploying and Migrating VMs - convert P2V, move VMs between hosts, deploy VMs, deploy HA in VMs

(For the full list of SCVMM Exam 70-403 test topics, click here)

One of the best certification resources I have read on this lately is the Train Signal Certification Guide for  Microsoft System Center Virtual Machine Manager (SCVMM Exam 70-403). In fact, that certification guide recommends the following resources to prepare for the SCVMM 70-403 exam:

    Classroom training : 6331A- Deploying and Managing MS SCVMM
    E-Learning: 6896AE- Configuring MS SCVMM 2008
    MCTS Self-Paced Training Kit (Exam 70-652): Configuring Windows Server Virtualization by Ruest
    Mastering Virtual Machine Manager 2008 R2 by Michael and Linares

Of course, the best preparation for any certification exam is actually using the product (and especially in the "real-world" on a production network, if possible).

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Windows Server - ASPHostPortal.com :: How to Reset Windows Server 2012 R2

clock February 6, 2017 05:24 by author Armend

Is resetting Windows server 2012 r2 admin password difficult, if we lost the the privilege to logon or access server 2012 r2 computer or domain controller? The answer is not absolute. For example, if you have password reset disk or another administrator available, Windows server 2012 r2 lost admin password would be reset instantly. Or if you have backup Windows system status with disk, such as Windows system restore disc, you could restore Windows server 2012 r2 to early system point.

Even though there are not anything available for recovering server 2012 r2 password, Windows system 2012 r2 installation disk and third-party recovery tool would help you too. First, Windows system installation disk reset Windows server 2012 r2 admin password.

Preparation: a copy of Windows server 2012 r2 installation disk

The key step of resetting server 2012 r2 admin password with installation disk is to replace Utilman.exe.

  • Boot off Windows disk and select the "Repair your computer" option from the lower left-hand corner.
  • Get to the option to open the Command Prompt.
  • Type the following commands to back up the utilman.exe file:
  • MOVE C:WindowsSystem32Utilman.exe C:WindowsSystem32Utilman.exe.bak
  • Copy cmd.exe and rename it Utilman.exe.
  • COPY C:WindowsSystem32cmd.exe C:WindowsSystem32Utilman.exe
  • Now you can go ahead and reboot your machine. When it's done booting up again and you are at the Logon screen click on the Ease of access icon. Now you have replaced Utilman.exe with cmd.exe.
  • Command Prompt opens, type following commands:
  • net user administrator *


Once you press Enter, you will be asked to set a new password and then confirm it. When entering new one, don't worry if you can't see it, because it is invisible, however it has been remembered. Once you're logged in again, don't forget to delete Utilman.exe and then rename Utilman.exe.bak back to plain old Utilman.exe. Second, reset server 2012 r2 admin password with third-party Windows password genius.

Windows Password Genius has four versions available, standard, professional, advanced and raid. And the raid version is special, because it works for raid server Windows domain or local admin password reset. The advanced is general version, working on both server and client computers.

So choose appropriate Windows password recovery version to burn a password reset disk and then recover Windows server administrator password.

Preparation: Windows Password Genius Advanced/Raid, available computer and bootable USB drive.

  • Install Windows Password Genius Raid, and run it on available computer.
  • Insert bootable USB drive into this available computer and choose USB, click "Begin burning" to create password reset disk with USB.
  • Exit USB device after it is successfully burned with password reset disk.
  • Plug USB into server 2012 r2 and boot server from USB.
  • Recovery tool program runs, and then choose Windows system - Windows serve 2012 r2, and select user account - administrator.
  • Click "Reset Password", the administrator would be set with new password "[email protected]".
  • At last, reboot server computer to finish Windows password reset. But remember to exit USB reset disk from server before your server computer boots from hard disk successfully.

Best Windows Server 2012 Hosting Recommendation

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