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Windows Hosting - ASPHostPortal.com :: Tips Solutions to Create Partition on Server 2003/2008/2012

clock September 5, 2016 20:41 by author Armend

Tips Solutions to Create Partition on Server 2003/2008/2012

Why You Need to Create Server Partition

  • Situation 1: When you install a new hard disk in Windows Server, you have to initialize it first. But it will not be shown in "My Computer" unless you create partition on it. Or you need to create server partition on unallocated space to make full of the hard disk.
  • Situation 2: After the hard drive has been used for a period of time, you may discover that the existed partitions are not reasonable. And then you need to create new partitions to manage your data in a better way

Suppose that you are running Windows Server 2003 and want to create server partition, what should you do?

Actually, there are more than one tool can be used to create partition on Windows Server 2003. The first one is Windows snap-in Disk Management; and the second is a third party server partition manager. As the best partition magic for Windows Server 2003, MiniTool Partition Wizard is really a good choice.
The followings are the specific introductions of creating partition on Windows Server 2003 by using these two server partition managers.

How to Create Partition on Windows Server

  • Solution 1: Create Partition by Using Disk Management

You can open Disk Management by clicking My Computer > Manage > Management, and enter its interface.

  • Way 1: Create Partition on Unallocated Space

If it is a new initialized hard disk or there is unallocated space on it, you can use this way to create server partition.

  • Step 1. Select the unallocated space and choose "New Partition" from the right click menu.
  • Step 2. In the following wizard, you can choose to create a primary partition or extend partition, adjust the partition size, assign a drive letter, and select the file system, allocation unit size as well as volume label. Then, press "Finish" to complete the operation.

Notice! You need to click "New Simple Volume" in step 1 and create primary partition only if you are using Windows Server 2008 or later Windows Server versions.

However, this way is not always available. MBR hard disk can only have four primary partitions, or three primary partitions plus one extended partition at most. If there are four primary partitions on the MBR hard disk, even there is still unallocated space on it, you are not allowed to create partition by using Disk Management.

  • Way 2: Create Partition if There Is no Unallocated Space

You want to create a new partition on the hard disk, but there is no unallocated space on it. This time, you can shrink a partition to release some space and then create server partition on the new released unallocated space.
To shrink a partition by using Disk Management, you can select the target partition, click "Shrink Volume" from the right click menu and follow the next wizard to complete the operation.
Then you are able to create a new partition according to Way 1.

Notice! In Windows Server 2003 and earlier Windows Server versions, there is no "Shrink Volume" option in Disk Management. So you are not allowed to create server partition if there is no unallocated space on the hard disk.

  • Solution 2: Create Partition by Using MiniTool Partition Wizard

MiniTool Partition Wizard is a professional partition manager, which has five editions: Free Edition, Professional Edition, Server Edition, Enterprise Edition and Technician Edition. If you are running Windows Server 2003, you should choose to use the Server Edition to create partition. Actually, MiniTool Partition Wizard Server Edition can be used on Windows Server 2000/2003/2003 R2/2008/2008 R2/2011/2012/2012 R2 and Windows PC OS 32 bits and 64 bits.
The Server Edition is a piece of paid software, but you are allowed to download and install the demo edition on your computer to try its functions first.

  • Way 1: Create Partition on Unallocated Space
    • Step 1. Open the demo edition and enter its main interface. Then select the target unallocated space and choose "Create Partition" from the left operation bar.
    • Step 2. On the pop-out window, you can define the properties of the partition you are going to create. Unlike creating server partition by Disk Management, all these properties can be chosen from just one window in this step
  • Way 2: Create Partition if There Is no Unallocated Space

As it is mentioned above, on Windows Server 2003, you are not allowed to shrink volume to release space for partition creating. But with MiniTool Partition Wizard Server Edition, you can achieve this aim.
The followings are the steps to shrink partition, and then you can create server partition according to Way 1.

  • Step 1. On the main interface of the software, select the target partition and choose "Move/Resize Partition" from the left operation bar.
  • Step 2. On the pop-out window, you are able to shrink the size of the target partition by dragging the black arrow according to directions marked on the next step-by-step picture. And then, click "OK" to go back to the main interface

Since way 1 and way 2 are using the demo edition, you will receive a notice as following after clicking "Apply".

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Windows Hosting - ASPhostPortal.com :: Install .NET Framework 3.5 in #Windows 10

clock August 29, 2016 19:49 by author Armend

Install .NET Framework 3.5 in #Windows 10

If you are facing issues installing .NET Framework 3.5 (many applications actually need this to run) in your Windows 10 and all the other options failed, my dear friend, you came to perfect page where I will show you how to install the same.

In this blog post, we will learn the command by which you can install .NET Framework 3.5 in Windows 10. This also works in other versions of Windows.
If you are facing issues with installation of .NET Framework 3.5, you might have noticed that, it is asking you to install .NET Framework 3.5 to install .NET Framework 3.5. Quite strange!!! Isn’t it? Just like a deadlock. Install “A” to install “A”. Yes my friend, you are right and here comes the solution.

To install the Framework properly, you will need the original Windows installation media. If you don’t have the same handy, download Windows 10 ISO image (for offline installation) using the Windows 10 Media Creation Tool from Microsoft. Once you download the ISO image, double click it to mount it in your system. This will create a virtual DVD drive in your system and mount the ISO there, which will look like a fresh DVD in your system having Windows 10 setup media. Also, you can extract the content of the ISO using tools like WinRAR to proceed with next.

To begin with, open the Command Prompt with administrative privileges. To do so in Windows 10, right click on the start button (or press “Win + X”) to popup the system menu. There you will find a menu item titled “Command Prompt (Admin)”. Click on this to launch the command prompt in admin mode.
Once the Command Prompt opens in the screen, place the following command and hit enter. Please make sure to change the source path, as mentioned later.
DISM  /Online  /Enable-Feature  /FeatureName:NetFx3  /All  /LimitAccess  /Source:x:\sources\sxs
e.g.

If you have Windows setup at “D:” drive, replace “x:” with “d:”

  • If you have Windows setup at “D:\Installers” folder path, replace “x:” with “d:\installers”
  • And also, make sure that “sources\sxs” folder exists in your Windows 10 installation media. When run from the command prompt, it will start installing the .NET framework. Please keep patience as it might take some time to install the .NET Framework. Once done, restart your system for the changes to take effect.

Details on command line parameters, for your reference and knowledge:

  • /Online targets the operating system you're running (instead of an offline Windows image).
  • /Enable-Feature /FeatureName:NetFx3 specifies that you want to enable the .NET Framework 3.5.
  • /All enables all parent features of the .NET Framework 3.5.
  • /LimitAccess prevents DISM from contacting Windows Update.
  • /Source specifies the location of the files needed to restore the feature (in this example, the x:\sources\sxs directory).

Details about my struggle with installation of .NET Framework 3.5 and various alternative options that I tried, is already mentioned in this blog post. If you have some spare time, don’t forget to ready that experience.
Hope this will help you to resolve the issue in a very quick manner. Though the post describes installation in Windows 10, but is also applicable for Windows 7, Windows 8 and Windows 8.1.

 

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Windows Server Hosting - ASPHostportal.com :: Tips to Help Diagnose and Prevent Windows Server Crashes

clock August 15, 2016 20:12 by author Armend

Simple Tips to Help Diagnose and Prevent Windows Server Crashes

In an enterprise setting, server failures are never an issue to be taken lightly. Since servers are the backbone of most modern operations, being able to pinpoint the cause of errors rapidly is an essential skill for any Windows server administrator. Fortunately by following a few simple steps you can easily pinpoint the cause of most Windows Server errors.

 

Best Practice Analysis Automation

In Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2, Microsoft has included a tool known as the Best Practices Analyzer (BPA). BPA is an automated scanner which when run will check your server to ensure that it is configured for optimal performance, reliability and maximum security. While this tool is not a substitute for keeping atop of Windows Server trends, BPA helps to ensure that the most commonly exploited violations are blocked on your servers.

Proactive Actions to Simplify Troubleshooting

Enable Kernel Crash Dumps

One of the most important debugging tools within Windows is the kernel crash dump file. This file typically contains all the information necessary to pinpoint the cause of a server issue. Unfortunately this feature isn’t configured by default, making it crucial that you enable this feature before experiencing issues.
To enable this feature, follow the steps below:

  • Go into:  Control Panel > System and Security > System.
  • Click Advanced system settings.
  • Under Startup and Recovery, click Settings
  • In the box that pops up, under Write Debugging Information you can specify the location for the crash dump file
    • Additionally you can have crashes added to the Windows Event Log, and you can also trigger a restart automatically upon a crash

After configuring the Windows crash dump settings, you will need to setup Windows to enable your keyboard to cause a system crash.
With PS/2 keyboards, you must take the following steps:

  • In the registry key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\i8042prt\Parameters, create a value named CrashOnCtrlScroll
  • Set it equal to a REG_DWORD value of 0x01.
  • Restart your system

With USB keyboards, you must take the following steps:

  • In the registry key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\kbdhid\Parameters, create a value named CrashOnCtrlScroll
  • Set it equal to a REG_DWORD value of 0x01
  • Restart your system

Windows Debugging Tools

To help with common issues that might come up as a server administrator Microsoft has released multiple debugging tools to make the job easier.

Sysinternals Suite

The Sysinternals suite is like a Swiss Army knife for your troubleshooting efforts. This collection of seventy tools maintained by Microsoft ensures that you can easily pinpoint the source of virtually any error and take action accordingly. While this suite is best installed on a thumb drive to be used when errors occur, you can also load this suite on your servers early on as a proactive measure.

While there are many tools within the suite, there are a couple which you should keep on mind;

  • Disckmon – this tool monitors, logs and displays all hard disk activity on a Windows system. By using this tool, you can better pinpoint errors which might be caused by pending hard disk failures.
  • Procdump – this tool allows you to monitor applications for CPU spikes and generating crash dumps during a spike. Additionally the tool can serve as a general dump utility which can be included in other scripts. By using this tool, you can greatly expedite the process of diagnosing troublesome applications and figuring out where to start debugging efforts.
  • TCPView – this tool allows you to view detailed listings of all TCP and UDP endpoints on your system. By using TCPView, you can pinpoint server issues to specific ports, allowing you to more in-depth action accordingly.

Windows Memory Diagnostics

Since RAM is one of the most used components of any server, many system failures often are due to memory-related matters. While typical memory issues involve applications using too much resources, or a process running out of control, failing hardware also can be responsible for system crashes. Fortunately you can easily diagnose potential memory trouble spots by using the Windows Memory Diagnostics tool built into most modern Windows Server editions.

  • To use this tool, simply open the command prompt and use the following command C:\mdsched
  • From there, you should follow the prompts to complete the diagnostic process.

The Importance of Backups

Even with the best tools and skills, occasionally a professional will encounter an issue which is beyond repair. When situations such as these occur, having a solid backup system always pays off. Although there are many backup tools on the market, Windows has a backup tool built in which can be used to protect yourself from even the worst disasters.
For details on implementing Windows Backup in windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2012, Microsoft has documentation here.

Clustering as a way to Mitigate Risks

Server clustering is the process of having a group of independent servers working together as a single system to deliver more reliability to your users. Such arrangements are designed to protect against the following types of failure:

  • Applications and service failures which can affect software and essential services
  • System and hardware failures which can affect low level server components
  • Site failures in multisite organizations  which can be caused by natural disasters and other significant situations
  • By using clustering, you can ensure that when disaster strikes, your systems can continue operating instantly by shifting responsibility from the failed systems to the functional ones.

Conclusion

Although there are many variables which impact the reliability of your Windows servers, by focusing on proactive actions to mitigate damage you can avoid the difficulties of troubleshooting server issues. Even with the best precautions however, failures still occur, which is why you should familiarize yourself in advance with the technologies Windows provides to make the debugging process much easier.

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