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Windows Server Hosting - ASPHostPortal.com :: Repairing Windows Update Issues with the System Update Readiness Tool (CheckSUR)

clock March 13, 2017 06:09 by author Armend

This article provides information on using the System Update Readiness Tool to repair Windows Update-related issues in Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Server 2008 R2.

The System Update Readiness Tool (CheckSUR) is a downloadable utility from Microsoft that can be used to fix a variety of problems related to Windows updates. It does so by scanning files and registry keys associated with updates and replacing corrupt ones with good versions. The complete list of Windows Update error codes addressed by CheckSUR is shown in Microsoft Knowledgebase article KB947821, which also contains download links for all versions of CheckSUR.

To use CheckSUR, simply download the applicable version from KB947821 and run it on the affected system. It will appear to install like any other update:

During this "installation" process, CheckSUR is actually checking files and registry settings for installed updates. This process may take 15 minutes or more to complete, and interrupting it is not recommended. When it completes, the results are not displayed on the screen but can be found in %windir%\Logs\CBS\CheckSUR.log. The Summary section will indicate how many errors were found. If it indicates that all errors were fixed, the issue is likely resolved, and you may attempt to install Windows updates again.
Often, CheckSUR will not be able to automatically fix all of the errors it finds. This is usually due to the necessary repair files not being present. When this occurs, the needed files must be obtained from another source, such as an update package from Microsoft or a working machine running the same version of Windows as the affected machine:

  • The names of missing files will often include the name of the update package that contains them. For example, the file named Package_for_KB958690_sc_0~31bf3856ad364e35~amd64~~6.0.1.6.mum is included in update KB958690, which can be downloaded from Microsoft.
  • If the filename of a missing file does not indicate which update package contains it, you may still be able to locate it by searching the Web for the filename, since file manifests for hotfixes are often listed in the corresponding Microsoft Knowledgebase articles.
  • If a Web search for the filename is unsuccessful, the file can be copied from a working machine that is running the same edition of Windows as the affected machine. The two machines must have the same system architecture (32- or 64-bit).

Regardless of the source, the files should be copied to a particular directory on the affected machine, depending on the type of file being copied:

  • Files with .msu, .mum, and .cat extensions should be copied to %windir%\Temp\CheckSUR\Packages. It may be necessary to create the Packages directory first.
  • Files with the .manifest extension should be copied to %windir%\Temp\CheckSUR\manifests directory.

After copying the files to the appropriate directory, run CheckSUR again. The presence of the repair files should allow it to fix the errors it encounters.

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Windows Server Hosting - ASPHostPortal.com :: How To Fix Connection Was Denied RDP Errors

clock March 6, 2017 04:44 by author Armend

When a user tries to RDP into a server or workstation they may get the error “The connection was denied because the user account is not authorized for remote login”. The cause of this error is really common but easy to fix.

The most common cause of the connection was denied error is either the user is not part of the Remote Desktop User Group or the local security policy is not configured to allow remote access.

If the user is already in the Remote Desktop User Group but the error “The connection was denied because the user account is not authorized for remote login” persists then have a look at local security policy of the server or workstation you are trying to RDP into.

Click Start > Run and type: secpol.msc

Expand Local Policies and click on User Right Assignment. This should now bring up more options in the right window of the Local Security Policy, as shown below.

Find Allow log on through Remote Desktop Services, right click on it and select Properties. You will now have the option to Add User or Group.

If this is a new server/workstation deployment you probably won’t have the Remote Desktop User Group listed. If the RDP group is already listed here, try and add the individual user that is getting the error.
Once you add the Remote Desktop Group or User then RDP should work but to be on the safe side, ensure the Remote Desktop service Logon account is the Network System and not as a local service.

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Windows Server Hosting - ASPHostPortal.com :: How to Back Up a Windows Server 2016 Domain Controller

clock February 27, 2017 06:49 by author Armend

The domain controller role is central to an Active Directory-based network. Learn how to protect your Windows Server 2016 domain controllers by using first-party backup tools.
In the Microsoft technology stack, the domain controller provides core identity services to your business network. As such, the loss of a domain controller can create a denial of service (DoS) and bring your network services to a grinding halt.
I've identified three ways you can back up the System State of a Windows Server 2016 domain controller. The good news here is that the process hasn't changed from Windows Server 2012 R2

What is the System State?

Windows Server computers (physical or virtual) have a data collection called the System State that can be backed up specifically by the systems administrator. Depending on the server's infrastructure role, different data may comprise that machine's System State. The System State consists of the following files:

  •     Active Directory database (domain controllers)
  •     Sysvol shared folder (domain controllers)
  •     Certificate Services database (certification authorities)
  •     Cluster database (failover cluster nodes)
  •     Boot files, system files, and files covered by Windows File Protection
  •     Windows Registry
  •     Performance Monitor counter configuration data
  •     Component Services class registration database

Note: the following methods are presented no particular order.

Method #1: Windows PowerShell

Open up an elevated Windows PowerShell prompt on your server and run the following command to install the Windows Backup cmdlets:

  • Install-WindowsFeature -Name Windows-Server-Backup -IncludeAllSubfeature -IncludeManagementTools

This process won't require a restart. You can enumerate all the backup commands like so:

  • Get-Command -Module WindowsServerBackup

The following script will create a System State backup of the local server and save the backup to my F: data volume. You'll notice that I've commented on every line so you can easily see what's going on.

NOTE: Here I focus only on backing up the System State. You can perform other file system (or even system image) backups on your servers. And, you can make use of such tools as Task Scheduler or AT.EXE to schedule your backups.

  • #create the backup policy
    $policy = New-WBPolicy
  • #back up the System State
    Add-WBSystemState -Policy $policy
  • #declare the backup location as my F: volume
    $target = New-WBBackupTarget -VolumePath "F:"
  • #add the backup location to the policy
    Add-WBBackupTarget -Policy $policy -Target $target
  • #start the backup
    Start-WBBackup -Policy $policy

Method #2: Windows Backup

If you're not a PowerShell fan, then you may want to use the graphical backup utility that has shipped with Windows Server since the very beginning. Follow the procedure in the previous section (no escaping PowerShell completely, I'm afraid) to install the Windows Backup feature.
You can then start the Windows Server Backup Microsoft Management Console, as shown in Figure 1

Select Local Backup from the Console pane, and then in the Actions pane, click Backup Once to start the Backup Once Wizard. You'll complete the following steps:

  • Choose the Custom backup option
  • Select the System State to back up (shown in Figure 2)
  • Decide whether you're backing up to a local or remote volume

Method #3: Microsoft Azure

This procedure will work only if you have an Azure subscription. Then, the first thing you need to do is to log into the Azure Portal (portal.azure.com) and create a Recovery Services vault.

Second, you create a Backup object inside your vault, as shown in Figure 3.

 

After specifying to Azure that you want to back up the System State of an on-premises virtual machine, you'll be prompted to download and install the Microsoft Azure Backup agent.

The bad news is that this "agent" is actually a full-fledged server, based on Microsoft Data Protection Manager (DPM), whose download comprises 3.2 gigabytes and that requires a SQL Server instance for installation.
After you get the Azure Backup Server installed, you'll need to register your Windows Server 2016 domain controller with your Azure vault. Finally, you'll use the Azure Backup Server user interface to send your System State backups to the Azure cloud.

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Windows Server Hosting - ASPHostPortal.com :: Tricks To Make You A Great Admin in windows server 2012

clock February 20, 2017 05:09 by author Armend

Tricks To Make You A Great Admin in windows server 2012

Windows Server 2012 is much advanced than its predecessors. Understanding its capabilities can make every admin’s job a lot easier and make them look like a true wizard. Here are some tricks to help you learn more about Windows Server 2012.

Take advantage of new & improved server management system

One of the easily noticeable things about the 2012 edition is the Server Manager. Microsoft combined the server roles installer and the features installer to save users the hassles of having to install them twice. New server roles can be assigned simply by clicking on Manage and then Add server. The new server manager is intelligent enough to group the server roles based to the appropriate server and displays the management tools for the server and the tools for editing them, all in the same window.

Team up the network adapters

Teaming network adapters together is an effective way to either increase the availability of server or to increase the speed and performance, and this functionality has been incorporated into the 2012 server core. It allows combining Ethernet connections via compatible network cards together without the hassles of adding any specific tools. To team network adapters together, simply enter the server manager, find the Local server menu, and find the compatible adapters you can team together and link them by right clicking and entering the features menu.

Do a lot more with your iSCSI protocol

The new Windows server 2012 allows users to assign roles to virtual hard drives and set them up as internet small computer system interface (iSCSI) targets over the network. To enable the feature, assign the roles in the server manager under the Files and iSCSI tab and set up the size and configuration of the virtual hard disk and its access properties.

Enable Remote Server Administration

In addition to the all-powerful server manager, Windows Server 2012 also offers remote server administration tools or RSAT that can be used to control the connected servers from a Windows 8 operating system. The function can be activated by downloading the .msu tool files from support and adding the local server through your server manager control menu.

Pick right interface environment

The new graphical interface of the Windows Server 2012 lacks many of the features available with previous editions. Even applications such as IE are missing from it. But the server core retains all the command-line management tools ensuring complete functionality. But you can optimize the graphical interface from the server manager and also choose which functionalities to retain and which ones to remove. Essentially you have three options, they are the desktop experience feature, the graphic tools and infrastructure, and the graphic shell feature. You can choose to either keep all of them or a selected few.

Set up the basic configurations

Many of the basic configurations which needed to be settled during installation can now be handled easily, thanks to the server manager. You can change most of the configuration by simply navigating to the Local server link in the server manager menu. Also you can change the security options of Internet explorer for hassle free downloads right from the server manager as well.

Get complete control using virtual domain controller

Need for having a physical domain controller to enable the Hyper-V cluster just to host the connection and USN rollback due cloning of domain controller’s VM used to be a huge headache, but in the 2012 server edition all these little problems have been effectively eliminated and pose no threats to the active directory. However, still there are few restrictions on cloning the DC, such as the requirement for presence of two DCs, with one containing the PDC emulator and so on. Simply add the DCcloneconfig.xml file to the source active directory and make sure the appropriate DC is switched off. Then create the virtual machine import the server using PowerShell to initiate the cloning process.

Activate Replication of Hyper V

Windows server 2012 allows users to replicate virtual hard disks and domain controllers without the requirement of clusters. To configure the replication, ensure the option is enabled in the Hyper V settings panel, and define server from which the replicas need to be attended. Then simply activate the replication method for the virtual server by right clicking and selecting the enable option. You can also choose to schedule the replication for a later time.

Start from Hyper V failover

Though not frequent, failovers can occur when operating with Hyper V replicates. So it’s better to create a scheduled failover and restore point such that the manager starts replication from a known target source VM. To schedule a failover for a replication, navigate to the appropriate replicate in the Hyper V manager and click on failover in the pop-up menu and enable the action by choosing a restore point.

Configure virtual server backup

Backing up is always a good idea, and the Windows Server 2012 edition with Veeam offers the easiest way to do it. Admins can back up both virtual and normal servers, integrate the Hyper-V clusters, and even backup individual items instantly with no downtime using the Veeam backup too.

Familiarize PowerShell to control servers

The PowerShell application gains an all new functionality upgrade allowing admins to list, control, manipulate and prevent replication of servers. Discover all the active servers with the commandlet Get-ADReplicationUpToDatenessVectorTable* | sort Partner,Server | ft Partner,Server,UsnFilter. Check the status of active director replication, view individual sites and domain controllers and lot more using the PowerShell commandlets.

Configure the DHCP failover

Similar to the Hyper V failover setup, the DHCP can also be configured to start off from fail safe and allows connection of two IpV4 servers. To enable the failover, navigate to the DHCP server console, locate the DHCP server you want to configure and enable the failover properties. Enter the details of the available fail-safe server and create the link between the two. Once configured the properties will be displayed on the failover properties tab.

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Windows Hosting - ASPHostPortal.com :: How to Disabling Secure Boot in windows Server r2

clock February 13, 2017 05:17 by author Armend

How to Disabling Secure Boot in windows Server r2

You may need to disable Secure Boot to run some PC graphics cards, hardware, or operating systems such as Linux or previous version of Windows.
Secure Boot helps to make sure that your PC boots using only firmware that is trusted by the manufacturer.
For most PCs, you can disable Secure Boot through the PC’s firmware (BIOS) menus. For logo-certified Windows RT 8.1 and Windows RT PCs, Secure Boot is required to be configured so that it cannot be disabled.

Warning

After disabling Secure Boot and installing other software and hardware, it may be difficult to re-activate Secure Boot without restoring your PC to the factory state.
Be careful when changing BIOS settings. The BIOS menu is designed for advanced users, and it's possible to change a setting that could prevent your PC from starting correctly. Be sure to follow the manufacturer's instructions exactly.

To disable Secure Boot:

  • Before disabling Secure Boot, consider whether it is necessary. From time to time, your manufacturer may update the list of trusted hardware, drivers, and operating systems for your PC. To check for updates, go to Windows Update, or check your manufacturer's website.
  • Open the PC BIOS menu. You can often access this menu by pressing a key during the bootup sequence, such as F1, F2, F12, or Esc.
  • Or, from Windows, hold the Shift key while selecting Restart. Go to Troubleshoot > Advanced Options: UEFI Firmware Settings.
  • Find the Secure Boot setting, and if possible, set it to Disabled. This option is usually in either the Security tab, the Boot tab, or the Authentication tab.
  • Save changes and exit. The PC reboots.
  • Install the graphics card, hardware, or operating system that’s not compatible with Secure Boot.
    In some cases, you may need to change other settings in the firmware, such as enabling a Compatibility Support Module (CSM) to support legacy BIOS operating systems.
  • To use a CSM, you may also need to reformat the hard drive using the Master Boot Record (MBR) format, and then reinstall Windows.
  • If you’re using Windows 8.1, you may see a watermark on the desktop alerting you that Secure Boot is not configured correctly.

To re-enable Secure Boot:

  • Uninstall any graphics cards, hardware, or operating systems that aren’t compatible with Secure Boot.
  • Open the PC BIOS menu. You can often access this menu by pressing a key during the bootup sequence, such as F1, F2, F12, or Esc.
  • Or, from Windows: go to Settings charm > Change PC settings > Update and Recovery > Recovery > Advanced Startup: Restart now. When the PC reboots, go to Troubleshoot > Advanced Options: UEFI Firmware Settings.
  • Find the Secure Boot setting, and if possible, set it to Enabled. This option is usually in either the Security tab, the Boot tab, or the Authentication tab.
  • On some PCs, select Custom, and then load the Secure Boot keys that are built into the PC.
  • If the PC does not allow you to enable Secure Boot, try resetting the BIOS back to the factory settings.
  • Save changes and exit. The PC reboots.
  • If the PC is not able to boot after enabling Secure Boot, go back into the BIOS menus, disable Secure Boot, and try to boot the PC again.
  • In some cases, you may need to refresh or reset your PC to its original state before you can turn on Secure Boot. For more info, see How to restore, refresh, or reset your PC.
  • If the above steps don’t work, and you still want to use the Secure Boot feature, contact your manufacturer for help.

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Windows Server - ASPHostPortal.com :: How to Reset Windows Server 2012 R2

clock February 6, 2017 05:24 by author Armend

Is resetting Windows server 2012 r2 admin password difficult, if we lost the the privilege to logon or access server 2012 r2 computer or domain controller? The answer is not absolute. For example, if you have password reset disk or another administrator available, Windows server 2012 r2 lost admin password would be reset instantly. Or if you have backup Windows system status with disk, such as Windows system restore disc, you could restore Windows server 2012 r2 to early system point.

Even though there are not anything available for recovering server 2012 r2 password, Windows system 2012 r2 installation disk and third-party recovery tool would help you too. First, Windows system installation disk reset Windows server 2012 r2 admin password.

Preparation: a copy of Windows server 2012 r2 installation disk

The key step of resetting server 2012 r2 admin password with installation disk is to replace Utilman.exe.

  • Boot off Windows disk and select the "Repair your computer" option from the lower left-hand corner.
  • Get to the option to open the Command Prompt.
  • Type the following commands to back up the utilman.exe file:
  • MOVE C:WindowsSystem32Utilman.exe C:WindowsSystem32Utilman.exe.bak
  • Copy cmd.exe and rename it Utilman.exe.
  • COPY C:WindowsSystem32cmd.exe C:WindowsSystem32Utilman.exe
  • Now you can go ahead and reboot your machine. When it's done booting up again and you are at the Logon screen click on the Ease of access icon. Now you have replaced Utilman.exe with cmd.exe.
  • Command Prompt opens, type following commands:
  • net user administrator *


Once you press Enter, you will be asked to set a new password and then confirm it. When entering new one, don't worry if you can't see it, because it is invisible, however it has been remembered. Once you're logged in again, don't forget to delete Utilman.exe and then rename Utilman.exe.bak back to plain old Utilman.exe. Second, reset server 2012 r2 admin password with third-party Windows password genius.

Windows Password Genius has four versions available, standard, professional, advanced and raid. And the raid version is special, because it works for raid server Windows domain or local admin password reset. The advanced is general version, working on both server and client computers.

So choose appropriate Windows password recovery version to burn a password reset disk and then recover Windows server administrator password.

Preparation: Windows Password Genius Advanced/Raid, available computer and bootable USB drive.

  • Install Windows Password Genius Raid, and run it on available computer.
  • Insert bootable USB drive into this available computer and choose USB, click "Begin burning" to create password reset disk with USB.
  • Exit USB device after it is successfully burned with password reset disk.
  • Plug USB into server 2012 r2 and boot server from USB.
  • Recovery tool program runs, and then choose Windows system - Windows serve 2012 r2, and select user account - administrator.
  • Click "Reset Password", the administrator would be set with new password "[email protected]".
  • At last, reboot server computer to finish Windows password reset. But remember to exit USB reset disk from server before your server computer boots from hard disk successfully.

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Windows Hosting - ASPHostPortal.com :: How to Diagnose and Prevent Windows Server Crashes

clock January 30, 2017 10:41 by author Armend

Simple Tips to Help Diagnose and Prevent Windows Server Crashes

In an enterprise setting, server failures are never an issue to be taken lightly. Since servers are the backbone of most modern operations, being able to pinpoint the cause of errors rapidly is an essential skill for any Windows server administrator. Fortunately by following a few simple steps you can easily pinpoint the cause of most Windows Server errors.

Best Practice Analysis Automation

In Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2, Microsoft has included a tool known as the Best Practices Analyzer (BPA). BPA is an automated scanner which when run will check your server to ensure that it is configured for optimal performance, reliability and maximum security. While this tool is not a substitute for keeping atop of Windows Server trends, BPA helps to ensure that the most commonly exploited violations are blocked on your servers.

Proactive Actions to Simplify Troubleshooting

Enable Kernel Crash Dumps

One of the most important debugging tools within Windows is the kernel crash dump file. This file typically contains all the information necessary to pinpoint the cause of a server issue. Unfortunately this feature isn’t configured by default, making it crucial that you enable this feature before experiencing issues.
To enable this feature, follow the steps below:

  • Go into:  Control Panel > System and Security > System.
  • Click Advanced system settings.
  • Under Startup and Recovery, click Settings
  • In the box that pops up, under Write Debugging Information you can specify the location for the crash dump file
    • Additionally you can have crashes added to the Windows Event Log, and you can also trigger a restart automatically upon a crash

 

After configuring the Windows crash dump settings, you will need to setup Windows to enable your keyboard to cause a system crash.
With PS/2 keyboards, you must take the following steps:

  • In the registry key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\i8042prt\Parameters, create a value named CrashOnCtrlScroll
  • Set it equal to a REG_DWORD value of 0x01.
  • Restart your system

With USB keyboards, you must take the following steps:

  • In the registry key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\kbdhid\Parameters, create a value named CrashOnCtrlScroll
  • Set it equal to a REG_DWORD value of 0x01
  • Restart your system

Windows Debugging Tools

To help with common issues that might come up as a server administrator Microsoft has released multiple debugging tools to make the job easier.

Sysinternals Suite

The Sysinternals suite is like a Swiss Army knife for your troubleshooting efforts. This collection of seventy tools maintained by Microsoft ensures that you can easily pinpoint the source of virtually any error and take action accordingly. While this suite is best installed on a thumb drive to be used when errors occur, you can also load this suite on your servers early on as a proactive measure.

While there are many tools within the suite, there are a couple which you should keep on mind;

  • Disckmon – this tool monitors, logs and displays all hard disk activity on a Windows system. By using this tool, you can better pinpoint errors which might be caused by pending hard disk failures.
  • Procdump – this tool allows you to monitor applications for CPU spikes and generating crash dumps during a spike. Additionally the tool can serve as a general dump utility which can be included in other scripts. By using this tool, you can greatly expedite the process of diagnosing troublesome applications and figuring out where to start debugging efforts.
  • TCPView – this tool allows you to view detailed listings of all TCP and UDP endpoints on your system. By using TCPView, you can pinpoint server issues to specific ports, allowing you to more in-depth action accordingly.

Windows Memory Diagnostics

Since RAM is one of the most used components of any server, many system failures often are due to memory-related matters. While typical memory issues involve applications using too much resources, or a process running out of control, failing hardware also can be responsible for system crashes. Fortunately you can easily diagnose potential memory trouble spots by using the Windows Memory Diagnostics tool built into most modern Windows Server editions.

  • To use this tool, simply open the command prompt and use the following command C:\mdsched
  • From there, you should follow the prompts to complete the diagnostic process.

The Importance of Backups

Even with the best tools and skills, occasionally a professional will encounter an issue which is beyond repair. When situations such as these occur, having a solid backup system always pays off. Although there are many backup tools on the market, Windows has a backup tool built in which can be used to protect yourself from even the worst disasters.
For details on implementing Windows Backup in windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2012, Microsoft has documentation here.

Clustering as a way to Mitigate Risks

Server clustering is the process of having a group of independent servers working together as a single system to deliver more reliability to your users. Such arrangements are designed to protect against the following types of failure:

  • Applications and service failures which can affect software and essential services
  • System and hardware failures which can affect low level server components
  • Site failures in multisite organizations  which can be caused by natural disasters and other significant situations
  • By using clustering, you can ensure that when disaster strikes, your systems can continue operating instantly by shifting responsibility from the failed systems to the functional ones.

Conclusion

Although there are many variables which impact the reliability of your Windows servers, by focusing on proactive actions to mitigate damage you can avoid the difficulties of troubleshooting server issues. Even with the best precautions however, failures still occur, which is why you should familiarize yourself in advance with the technologies Windows provides to make the debugging process much easier.

Best Windows Server 2012 Hosting Recommendation

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Windows Hosting - ASPHostPortal.com :: How To Set Up And Configure DNS On Windows Server 2016

clock January 23, 2017 04:50 by author Armend

Domain Name System (DNS) is central to TCP/IP hostname resolution and Active Directory itself. Learn to install and configure the DNS Server role in Windows Server 2016.
Domain Name System (DNS), defined in several Request for Comments (RFC) documents, performs a single task: translating user-friendly hostnames to IPv4 or IPv6 addresses. The DNS server in Windows Server 2016 works the same basic way as it does in Windows Server 2012 R2. However, the Windows Server engineering team added some worthwhile enhancements, including DNS policies and Response Rate Limiting (RRL).

Installing the DNS Server Role

To install the DNS Server role, we can open an elevated Windows PowerShell console (right-click the PowerShell icon and select Run as Administrator from the shortcut menu) and run a single command:
Install-WindowsFeature -Name DNS -IncludeAllSubFeature -IncludeManagementTools
If you're more of a GUI-minded administrator, you can use Server Manager to install DNS Server.

Using Server Manager to install DNS Server in Windows Server 2016

As shown in the preceding screen capture, I already have DNS Server installed on my Windows Server 2016 domain controller.

Setting DNS Server Preferences

We can manage the Windows Server DNS Server in a variety of ways:

  •     DNS Manager Microsoft Management Console (MMC)
  •     Windows PowerShell DNS cmdlets
  •     Dnscmd.exe command-line utility

Windows Server 2016 also includes the traditional Nslookup.exe and IPConfig.exe command-line tools as well. If you install the Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT) tools on your administrative workstation, you'll get all the aforementioned DNS Server management utilities.
Open the DNS Manager by typing dnsmgmt.msc from your elevated PowerShell console. Right-click your server and you'll see a number of configuration options directly on the shortcut menu. For instance, you can:

  • Create a new forward or reverse lookup zone
  • Scour your DNS zone files for outdated and/or inaccurate records
  • Purge the server's resolver cache
  • Pause, stop, start, or restart the server

Best Windows Server 2016 Hosting Recommendation

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Windows Hosting - ASPHostPortal.com :: Reset Password in Windows Server 2016

clock January 9, 2017 05:31 by author Armend

Windows Server 2016 brings a host of new features that greatly enhance the functionality of the operating system. Many of these improvements expand on existing capabilities of Windows Server 2016.  The new product also benefits from having the capability of performing at a much higher level than previous servers and comes equipped with an integrated virtualization platform.

 

In this article I will tell you about how to reset Windows Server 2016 R2 lost admin password. The answer is not absolute. For example, if you have password reset disk or another administrator available, Windows server 2016 r2 lost admin password would be reset instantly.
Or if you have backup Windows system status with disk, such as Windows system restore disc, you could restore Windows server 2016 r2 to early system point.
Even though there are not anything available for recovering server 2016 r2 password, Windows system 2012 r2 installation disk and third-party recovery tool would help you too.

First, Windows system installation disk reset Windows server 2012 r2 admin password.
Preparation: a copy of Windows server 2012 r2 installation disk
The key step of resetting server 2012 r2 admin password with installation disk is to replace Utilman.exe.

  • Boot off Windows disk and select the "Repair your computer" option from the lower left-hand corner.
  • Get to the option to open the Command Prompt.
  • Type the following commands to back up the utilman.exe file:
  • MOVE C:WindowsSystem32Utilman.exe C:WindowsSystem32Utilman.exe.bak
  • Copy cmd.exe and rename it Utilman.exe.
  • COPY C:WindowsSystem32cmd.exe C:WindowsSystem32Utilman.exe
  • Now you can go ahead and reboot your machine. When it's done booting up again and you are at the Logon screen click on the Ease of access icon.
  • Now you have replaced Utilman.exe with cmd.exe.
  • Command Prompt opens, type following commands:
  • .net user administrator *

Once you press Enter, you will be asked to set a new password and then confirm it. When entering new one, don't worry if you can't see it, because it is invisible, however it has been remembered.
Once you're logged in again, don't forget to delete Utilman.exe and then rename Utilman.exe.bak back to plain old Utilman.exe.

Second, reset server 2016 admin password with third-party Windows password genius.
Windows Password Genius has four versions available, standard, professional, and advanced and raid. And the raid version is special, because it works for raid server Windows domain or local admin password reset. The advanced is general version, working on both server and client computers.

So choose appropriate Windows password recovery version to burn a password reset disk and then recover Windows server administrator password.
Preparation: Windows Password Genius Advanced/Raid, available computer and bootable USB drive.

  • Install Windows Password Genius Raid, and run it on available computer.
  • Insert bootable USB drive into this available computer and choose USB, click "Begin burning" to create password reset disk with USB.
  • Exit USB device after it is successfully burned with password reset disk.
  • Plug USB into server 2016 and boot server from USB.
  • Recovery tool program runs, and then choose Windows system - Windows serve 2016  and select user account - administrator.
  • Click "Reset Password", the administrator would be set with new password "[email protected]".

At last, reboot server computer to finish Windows password reset. But remember to exit USB reset disk from server before your server computer boots from hard disk successfully.

Best Windows Server 2016 Hosting Recommendation

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ASPHostPortal.com provides our customers with Plesk Panel, one of the most popular and stable control panels for Windows hosting, as free. You could also see the latest .NET framework, a crazy amount of functionality as well as Large disk space, bandwidth, MSSQL databases and more. All those give people the convenience to build up a powerful site in Windows server 2016. We offers Windows hosting starts from $5/month only. We also guarantees 30 days money back and guarantee 99.9% uptime. If you need a reliable affordable Windows server 2016 Hosting, we should be your best choice.



Windows Hosting - ASPHostPortal.com :: What's New in Windows Server 2016

clock December 19, 2016 06:13 by author Armend

What's New in Windows Server 2016

Executive Summary

In the coming months, Windows Server® will start rolling out to company datacenters. Microsoft® made a significant investment in WS 2016 to address company needs for cloud requirements. As a result, this iteration includes support for containers, tighter integration with Microsoft's Azure® cloud service, more security for Hyper-V® virtual machines, and improvements to RDS. Let's take a look at how the infrastructure of WS 2016 has been inspired by Azure and see what cloud technology has been implemented in Windows Server 2016 deployments.

The Move to a Software-Defined Datacenter

Virtualization administration has become increasingly complex, especially in multi-tenant environments. Windows Server 2016 has introduced the separation between fabric administration and service or application administration. Fabric administration is the responsibility of the physical layer of the system: storage, networking, and compute components. Application or service administration handles the installation and management of applications and services. The idea is to separate administrative privileges between the administrators that manage the hardware and those that handle the software. From the fabric administration point of view, WS 2016 also addresses the challenge of hardware component compatibility issues, migration to and from the cloud.

What's New in Windows Server 2016?

The four major areas of innovation for Windows Server 2016 are:

  •     Security
  •     Azure-inspired infrastructure
  •     Hybrid application platform
  •     RDS

Security

Emerging security threats have put security at the top of IT professionals' concerns. The Identity Theft Research Centre reported 781 high-profile industry attacks in 2015, which is the highest since they started operation 11 years ago. They also assume that 40% of attacks are not even reported. Windows Server 2016 has a long list of built-in security features and protection that we'll review below.

  • Credential Security - Credential Guard, introduced with Windows® 10, uses virtualization-based technology that encapsulates credentials stored in the system within a VM. This creates a boundary between the VM hosting the credentials and malware or malicious software, preventing system breaches.
  • Administrator Security - More granular administrator privilege settings were introduced to ensure admins only have access relative to their role. In addition to the previously mentioned separation between fabric and application administrators, Windows Server 2016 can create administrator roles with time-based limitations to ensure long-term protection of the system.
  • OS Protection – Windows Server 2016 is equipped with Azure-grade OS protection. This adds protection to the OS no matter where it is deployed, whether in the private or public cloud. The system is now equipped to examine OS behavior for abnormalities. If abnormal behavior is detected, action is automatically taken to block malicious code. This is achieved with Control Flow Guard, Windows Defender improvements, and advanced code integrity policies.
  • Protection for VMs – Microsoft shielded VMs provide advanced VM protection. They have been introduced in Windows Server 2016 powered by Bitlocker and the new Host Guardian Service.

Bitlocker encrypts the disk and state of the VM, "shielding" it from malicious software or disgruntled admins.
On top of that, Host Guardian Service is a new component within Windows Server that allows an encrypted VM to scale like a normal VM on a normal fabric. Host Guardian Service allows Hyper-V hosts to get Bitlocker keys from a central location to create what Microsoft has coined a "protected fabric."
Encrypted VMs can now move to hosts that are trusted by a Host Guardian forest while remaining encrypted.

Azure-Inspired Infrastructure

As the title of this section suggests, the years of knowledge from providing over 200 Microsoft services reliably in Azure are brought to the WS 2016 fabric. This provides admins with a cost-effective and flexible platform to completely virtualize the datacenter by using the same compute, storage, and network virtualization features that power Azure in the public cloud.

  • Virtualize Anything with Ease -  Windows Server 2016 mitigates the downtime experienced with previous upgrades by adding dynamic memory and the ability to add and remove hard drives and disks, making it easy to upgrade to the WS 2016 fabric. In addition, the Linux community will be pleased to hear that Windows Server 2016 will support Linux technologies such as containers and docker engines.
  • Flexible Workload Placement – Azure also inspired workload management technology that further simplifies the administrator's life, starting with the Network Controller that improves network management through centralized control of network policies. These policies apply to physical network components such as switches, routers, and load balancers as well as virtual components like virtual switches.

In addition, the Distributed Firewall feature relieves administrators from having to configure ports and firewalls while migrating VMs from host to host or datacenter to datacenter.  The required ports for applications running in the VMs are automatically opened to provide connectivity across the infrastructure.

  • High Performance Storage –  Distributed Storage Spaces in Windows Server 2016 enable multi-commodity servers with no shared storage to be configured as a single storage pool.
  • Think of it as a pseudo-RAID array that spans across physical servers. For example, whereas with RAID you might have six disks and parity on one disk, Storage Space Direct would provide storage across six servers and parity on one server. Standard servers can be used with local storage to build highly available and scalable software-defined storage.

Hybrid Application Platform

Windows Server 2016 embraces container technology. While not a new technology—Linux has been using it for 10 years—it is new to the Windows space. It further accelerates app deployment, streamlines development and testing, lowers app deployment costs, and increases server consolidation.

  • Nano Server Deployment Option – At its core, the Nano Server is a scaled down version of Windows built specifically for the workload required. It's a lightweight and portable version of Windows Server that is below server core grade and can be deployed in a couple of hundred MB with key roles and features (storage, IIS, DNS, Hyper-V, etc.). This provides admins with just enough OS, optimized for the next level of containerized applications. Developers now have a three-tier choice when developing applications: full applications that can run on RDS, traditional VMs, and containers.
  • Windows Server and Hyper-V Containers – Containers provide a boundary within a system, which is less overhead than a VM. They provide a read-only view of the OS where the application can be run. This allows for multiple isolated applications to run on the same host with minimal overhead. While Hyper-V containers use a hypervisor to create that additional layer of isolation, Windows Server containers are specifically for isolated applications. This technology enables agile application development and deployment within the Windows ecosystem.

RDS 2016

While Microsoft introduced a number of improvements in the new Remote Desktop Services 2016, the main three areas of improvement are graphics, scalability, and interoperability with Microsoft’s cloud service offering, Azure.

  • Graphics Improvements: The new version of RemoteFX® used in Hyper-V VMs supports up to OpenGL 4.4 , the cross-platform language and application programming interface for rendering 2D and 3D graphics. With OpenGL and Direct Device Assignment (DDA) technology, every VM in a Hyper-V environment has its own GPU driver, making it possible to simultaneously run several sessions that use graphic-accelerated applications from the same server.
  • Scalability: The highlight of the scalability features in RDS 2016 is that the High Availability Connection Broker no longer requires its own SQL server cluster. It can either use an existing non-dedicated SQL Server or an Azure SQL database, making RDS easier to implement. Microsoft also optimized the login process to better handle login storms, also known as 9 A.M. scenarios, which are the slowdowns that users experience when many users login at the same time first thing in the morning.
  • Better Interoperability with Azure: The Microsoft RDS and Microsoft Azure teams worked together to optimize the interoperability between the solutions, making them almost a tightly coupled solution. For example, the High Availability Connection Broker can now use an Azure-hosted database. In addition, an RDS 2016 setup can use the Azure Active Directory Domain Services, so it does not require an actual domain controller machine. RDS 2016 also includes the Azure quick start templates, allowing users to automate the RDS 2016 setup.

Is RDS 2016 Enough to Manage virtual applications and desktops?

While the new features in Windows Server 2016  provide RDS with  better graphic performance, strong scalability, and cloud readiness, it cannot yet be considered a complete and independent solution. Using RDS alone to create and manage application and desktop delivery is a complex process and still requires several add-ons such as NLB, reporting tools, and a high availability solution. This complexity could discourage businesses from adopting an application delivery solution.
Improving RDS 2016 with Parallels Remote Application Server (RAS)

Parallels® Remote Application Server (RAS) enhances the RDS infrastructure to provide the functionality and flexibility that businesses need. A cost-effective system with zero-admin built-in enterprise features, it takes advantage of the RDP protocol improvements while being easy to set up, manage, and scale up. Hundreds of businesses have already chosen Parallels RAS for its exceptional end user experience, lower TCO, and its straightforward and easy-to-use console.

Parallels RAS brokers the connection between RDSH applications and desktops to client devices via a proprietary protocol and Microsoft Remote Desktop Protocol. This means that all the graphic and performance improvements of OpenGL available in WS 2016 are automatically implemented in Parallels RAS. The further improvement of the RDP protocol will reduce the differences with other protocols on the market such as HDX and PCoIP.

Parallels RAS improves and simplifies the usage of Microsoft RDS in four main areas:

  • End User Experience - Microsoft RDS 2016 cannot provide a seamless experience on every device. For instance, Chromebook™ is not supported, and usage on mobile devices is limited by the reduced screen size. In addition, the improved web access still does not provide all the features needed to be considered a valid alternative to the classic client access. Parallels RAS fills this gap, allowing organizations to provide users with a seamless experience across multiple platforms.
  • IT Administrator Experience - While Windows Server 2016 made an effort to simplify the use of RDS, many of the limitations of WS 2012 have not been addressed. Printing is still a source of concern, configuring the RDS role requires different manual tasks, and NLB is not considered the best option to create a reliable and high availability environment. Parallels RAS replaces the Microsoft connection broker with a fully integrated connection broker capable of advanced reporting, automatic print driver redirection, and resource-based load balancing. Parallels RAS is an all-in-one solution, eliminating the need for third-party add-ons.
  • Security - Windows Server 2016 has a strong security background, improving the protection of the fabrics, applications, and VMs on premise and in the cloud. However, IT administrators still need to look for a third-party solution for the reinforced security necessary for the remote access of RDS. Parallels RAS has an extensive set of features to increase the level of security. In fact, many  organizations concerned about data protection choose Parallels RAS for its ability to control end user activity and its advanced filtering.
  • Scalability and System Reliability - Windows Server 2016 invested heavily in the integration with Azure to simplify scalability, system reliability, and cloud integration. Although RDS can now be fully deployed in Azure, gateway high availability and TS load balancing still require extra add-ons to reach a satisfactory level of performance. Parallels RAS offers zero-admin load balancing and high availability for gateways and TS without any extra cost. In addition, it is able to work with Azure and AWS™ to provide IT administrators with more options to build their on-premise and hybrid cloud.

Best Windows Server 2016 Hosting Recommendation

ASPHostPortal.com provides our customers with Plesk Panel, one of the most popular and stable control panels for Windows hosting, as free. You could also see the latest .NET framework, a crazy amount of functionality as well as Large disk space, bandwidth, MSSQL databases and more. All those give people the convenience to build up a powerful site in Windows server 2016. We offers Windows hosting starts from $5/month only. We also guarantees 30 days money back and guarantee 99.9% uptime. If you need a reliable affordable Windows server 2016 Hosting, we should be your best choice.



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